Standard Article

Animal Health Products

  1. P. T. Reeves

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr015

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Reeves, P. T. 2003. Animal Health Products. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. National Registration Authority for Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals, Kingston, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003

Abstract

A vast range of veterinary chemical products are used in the animal health sector. Those that control external parasites (ectoparasites) on domestic animals are known as ectoparasiticides and comprise two major groups—pesticides and systemic insecticides/acaricides. Ectoparasites of companion animals are a major cause of dermatologic problems in animals and act as vectors for various pathogens. Ectoparasites cause production losses in food-producing animals that incur enormous costs to the livestock industry. The manifestations of ectoparasites on food-producing animals include anemia; reduced production of meat, milk, and eggs; reduced quality and quantity of fleece; damage to hides (cattle grubs and cockle of sheep pelts from lice infestations); hypersensitivity reactions (to the itchmite Psorergates ovis of sheep); transmission of animal diseases (pinkeye of cattle, encephalitis of horses, anaplasmosis of cattle); and decreased resistance to other diseases. Presently, chemical treatment applied prophylactically, strategically, or tactically remains the main option for ectoparasite control.

Keywords:

  • animal health products;
  • delivery systems;
  • residues;
  • pesticides;
  • ectoparasiticides;
  • botanical insecticides;
  • synthetic pyrethroids;
  • organochlorine compounds;
  • carbamates;
  • organophosphorus compounds;
  • formamidines;
  • insect growth and development;
  • macrolytic lactones;
  • niromethylene compounds;
  • phenylpyrazole compounds;
  • inorganic compounds