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Fungicides, Antibiotics

  1. Isamu Yamaguchi1,
  2. Michito Tagawa2

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr091

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Yamaguchi, I. and Tagawa, M. 2003. Fungicides, Antibiotics. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    RIKEN(The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research), Wako, Japan

  2. 2

    Nissan Chemical Ind. Ltd., Shiraoka, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003


Antibiotics have an economic advantage over synthetic chemicals in that a variety of substances can be manufactured using one set of equipment and facilities. In addition, they are produced not from limited fossil resources, but from renewable agricultural products through fermentation by microorganisms. However, because of their highly specific mechanism of action, they are apt to suffer from the emergence of resistant strains. Thus, it is sometimes necessary to combine the agents with other chemicals that have different mechanisms of action or to use them in rotation. Nevertheless, molecular biology is making rapid advances, and more efficient production of microbial products will become possible by modern gene engineering.


  • antibiotics;
  • synthetic chemicals;
  • molecular biology;
  • cycloheximide;
  • kasugamycin;
  • mildiomycin;
  • nikkomycin;
  • oxyteteracycline;
  • polyoxins;
  • streptomycin;
  • validamycin A