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Natural Product Pesticides

  1. István Ujváry

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr170

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Ujváry, I. 2003. Natural Product Pesticides. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003

Abstract

During their evolution, living organisms have developed a broad array of defense strategies often involving complex and dynamic chemistries that assure survival, coexistence, or in some cases, territorial dominance of the species and the individual. Since prehistoric times, people in all parts of the world have exploited natural products in one form or another in curing diseases and fighting pests that endanger their health or compete for their food. Natural products can be used either directly in pest control or can serve as models for the development of new synthetic analogs with favorable biological and physiochemical properties. Although natural products can affect several different organisms, they can be categorized according to their main use as follows: insect control agents; weed control agents, including plant growth regulators; disease control agents, including fungicides and bactericides; nematicides; and rodenticides.

Keywords:

  • natural product pesticides;
  • nematicides;
  • rodenticides;
  • fungicides;
  • plant growth regulators;
  • insect control agents;
  • weed control agents;
  • disease control agents;
  • botanical insecticides;
  • microbial insecticides;
  • semiochemicals