Standard Article

Fumonisins

  1. Malcolm C. Shurtleff1,2

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr302

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Shurtleff, M. C. 2003. Fumonisins. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Illinois, Urbana–Champaign, Illinois

  2. 2

    Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003

Abstract

Fumonisins are a group of toxic metabolites (mycotoxins) produced primarily by the fungi Fusarium moniliforme and F. proliferatum. Other Fusarium species that produce fumonisins include F. napiforme and F. nygamai. Fumonisin B1, the most common toxin, is generally considered to be produced on moldy corn and silage by certain strains of F. moniliforme. Fumisins cause neurotic diseases of horses, donkeys, and mules called “blind staggers.” The Food and Drug Administration has yet to establish action guidelines for fumonisin contamination.

Keywords:

  • fumonisins;
  • mycotoxins;
  • Fusarium moniliforme;
  • Food and Drug Administration;
  • blind staggers;
  • fumonisin B1;
  • mycotoxicoses