Standard Article

Antibiotics

  1. George W. Sundin

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr308

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Sundin, G. W. 2003. Antibiotics. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003

Abstract

Antibiotics are products of microbial origin that are inhibitory to another microorganism or group of microorganisms. Compared to pesticides, antibiotics used for plant disease control have several desirable properties, including reduced effects on nontarget organisms, limited mammalian toxicity, and reduced environmental persistence. However, other aspects such as lack of systemic transport of antibiotics within plants, and inactivation by abiotic environmental factors have limited the effectiveness of antibiotics in certain plant pathosystems. Thus, the promise of antibiotic usage in human medicine as first viewed in the 1940s has led to the reality of the antibiotic-resistance problem and the difficulty of new antibiotic development.

Keywords:

  • antibiotics;
  • microorganisms;
  • antibiotic resistance;
  • bacterial disease control;
  • cyclohexamide;
  • streptomycin;
  • penicillin;
  • oxytetracycline