Published Online: 15 APR 2003
Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals
How to Cite
Sundin, G. W. 2003. Antibiotics. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .
- Published Online: 15 APR 2003
Antibiotics are products of microbial origin that are inhibitory to another microorganism or group of microorganisms. Compared to pesticides, antibiotics used for plant disease control have several desirable properties, including reduced effects on nontarget organisms, limited mammalian toxicity, and reduced environmental persistence. However, other aspects such as lack of systemic transport of antibiotics within plants, and inactivation by abiotic environmental factors have limited the effectiveness of antibiotics in certain plant pathosystems. Thus, the promise of antibiotic usage in human medicine as first viewed in the 1940s has led to the reality of the antibiotic-resistance problem and the difficulty of new antibiotic development.
- antibiotic resistance;
- bacterial disease control;