Standard Article

Groundwater Monitoring

  1. Carol J. Miller

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr330

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Miller, C. J. 2003. Groundwater Monitoring. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. Wayne State University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003


Groundwater monitoring is used to analyze the impact of a variety of surface and subsurface activities, including seawater intrusion, application of agricultural products such as herbicides, pesticides, and fertilizers, residential septic systems, and industrial waste ponds. Another focus of groundwater monitoring has been contamination associated with waste landfills and ruptured underground petroleum storage tanks. Groundwater monitoring is a necessary component in any investigation of subsurface contamination. A wide variety of information can be gleaned from the data, including groundwater velocity and direction, and contaminant identification and concentration. These data can be combined with other observations to infer various characteristics of the contamination.


  • groundwater monitoring;
  • contamination;
  • aquifers;
  • groundwater flow;
  • groundwater pressure;
  • contaminant transport studies;
  • sampling