Standard Article

Phosphine and its Derivatives

  1. William A. Rickelton

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr333

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Rickelton, W. A. 2003. Phosphine and its Derivatives. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. Cytec Canada Inc.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003

Abstract

Although phosphine was discovered over 200 years ago in 1783 by the French chemist Gingembre, derivatives of this toxic and pyrophoric gas were not manufactured on an industrial scale until the mid- to late 1970s. Commercial production was only possible after the development of practical, economic processes for phosphine manufacture, which were patented in 1961 and 1962. This article describes both of these processes briefly, but more focus is given to the preparation of a number of novel phosphine derivatives used in a wide variety of important commercial applications.

Keywords:

  • phosphine;
  • pyrophoric gas;
  • phosphine derivatives;
  • textile flame retardants;
  • flotation reagents;
  • phase-transfer catalysts;
  • semiconductors;
  • fumigants;
  • biocides;
  • ultraviolet photoinitiators;
  • solvent extraction reagents