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Genetically Engineered Microorganisms for Biodegradation of Recalcitrant Compounds

  1. Estrella Duque,
  2. Abraham Esteve-núñez,
  3. Carmen Michán,
  4. María Angeles Abril,
  5. M. Carmen Ronchel,
  6. Ana Segura,
  7. María-Isabel Ramos-González,
  8. Jua. L. Ramos

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr345

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Duque, E., Esteve-núñez, A., Michán, C., Abril, M. A., Ronchel, M. C., Segura, A., Ramos-González, M.-I. and Ramos, J. L. 2003. Genetically Engineered Microorganisms for Biodegradation of Recalcitrant Compounds. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. Estación Experimental del Zaidín, Granada, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003


The mineralization of organic molecules by microbes is essential for the carbone cycle to operate. The massive mobilization of compounds stored in natural resources or the introduction of xenobiotics into the biosphere produces unidirectional fluxes that result in the persistence of many chemicals in the biosphere, where they are a source of pollution. Molecular biology offers the tools to optimize the biodegradative capacities of microorganisms, accelerate the evolution of new metabolic activities, and construct totally new pathways through the assemblage of catabolic segments from different microbes.


  • carbone cycle;
  • xenobiotics;
  • biosphere;
  • molecular biology;
  • biodegradation;
  • chloroorganic compounds;
  • alkylaromatics;
  • nitroaromatics;
  • organomercurials;
  • rhizosphere