Standard Article

Regulation of The Commercial Uses of Microorganisms

  1. David J. Glass

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/047126363X.agr350

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals

How to Cite

Glass, D. J. 2003. Regulation of The Commercial Uses of Microorganisms. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .

Author Information

  1. D. Glass Associates, Inc., Needham, Massachusetts

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003


A large variety of microorganisms, including many genetically engineered microorganisms (GEMs), are used commercially because of advances in modern biology. However, many of these commercial applications, particularly those intended for use in the environment, are subject to governmental health and safety regulations. These regulations have largely been established in response to the scientific debate that followed the first proposals to use engineered microorganisms in open field-testing.


  • microorgansisms;
  • genetically engineered microorganisms;
  • biotechnology regulation;
  • Federal Coordinated Regulatory Framework;
  • microbial pesticide regulations;
  • Environmental Protection Agency;
  • Toxic Substances Control Act;
  • European Union