Biodegradation: Reductive Dehalogenation And Metabolism Of Chlorinated Organics By Anaerobes
Published Online: 15 APR 2003
Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals
How to Cite
Zinder, S. H. 2003. Biodegradation: Reductive Dehalogenation And Metabolism Of Chlorinated Organics By Anaerobes. Encyclopedia of Agrochemicals. .
- Published Online: 15 APR 2003
Of the enormous number of different halogenated organic compounds that have been chemically synthesized, several have found widespread use, particularly as solvents and biocides. This use has led to their being accidentally or intentionally released into the environment, mainly to groundwater. Although there is good evidence for natural production of chlorinated organic compounds, many of the anthropogenic organic halogen compounds appear to be resistant to chemical and biological degradation and therefore persist in the environment. This chapter discusses the roels of anaerobic microorganism in the biodegradation of these compounds and focuses mainly on chlorinated compounds.
- chlorinated organic compounds;
- recudtive dehalogenation;
- cometabolic reductive dechlorination;
- chloroethene utilization;