The Amination of Heterocyclic Bases by Alkali Amides
Published Online: 15 MAR 2011
Copyright © 2004 by Organic Reactions, Inc. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
How to Cite
Leffler, M. T. 2011. The Amination of Heterocyclic Bases by Alkali Amides . Organic Reactions. 91–104.
- Published Online: 15 MAR 2011
Heterocyclic bases such as pyridine and quinoline and their derivatives react with metal amides to yield amino derivatives. For example, pyridine is converted to 2-aminopyridine by the action of sodium amide; an intermediate metal derivative is formed, and this is hydrolyzed to the free amine. It has been suggested that the initial step in the reaction is the addition of the metal amide to the CHNgroup; the resulting product is then transformed to the metal derivative of the amine, either through intramolecular rearrangement or through decomposition to the amino compound and sodium hydride to give the metal derivative.
- heterocyclic bases;
- alkali amides;
- mole ratio;
- general precautions;
- experimental conditions