Standard Article

The Reaction of Halogens with Silver Salts of Carboxylic Acids

  1. C.V. Wilson

Published Online: 15 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/0471264180.or009.05

Organic Reactions

Organic Reactions

How to Cite

Wilson, C. 2011. The Reaction of Halogens with Silver Salts of Carboxylic Acids. Organic Reactions. 9:9:332–387.

Author Information

  1. Eastman Kodak Company

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2011


The action of halogens with dry metallic salts, particularly silver salts of carboxylic acids has merited earlier reviews. It has been pointed out that the halogen used, the ratio of silver salt to halogen, and the presence or absence of other active materials, such as olefins, acetylenes, or readily substituted aromatic rings plays a determining the course of the reactions. Thus it is possible to produce an organic halide containing one less carbon atom than the original acid; esters derived from two molecules of the acid by the loss of one molecule of carbon dioxide; esters of 1,2-diols or halohydrins; halogenated aromatic compounds; and halogenated acetylenes. These reactions are the subject of this chapter.


  • halogens;
  • metallic salts;
  • carboxylic acids;
  • olefins;
  • acetylenes;
  • aromatic rings;
  • organic halides;
  • esters;
  • halohydrins;
  • halogenated aromatic compounds;
  • halogenated acetylene;
  • experimental procedures