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Neuropsychology

Part Two. Research Methods in Specific Content Areas

  1. Russell M. Bauer PhD,
  2. Elizabeth C. Leritz MS,
  3. Dawn Bowers PhD

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471264385.wei0212

Handbook of Psychology

Handbook of Psychology

How to Cite

Bauer, R. M., Leritz, E. C. and Bowers, D. 2003. Neuropsychology. Handbook of Psychology. Two:12:289–322.

Author Information

  1. University of Florida, Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Gainesville, Florida

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003

Abstract

This chapter provides a broad overview of contemporary experimental methods in neuropsychology. It begins with a brief discussion of neuropsychological inference, focusing on basic assumptions and on ways that neuropsychogical research can yield useful information about brain-behavior relationships. Then, a brief description of major approaches to neuropsychological research, beginning with the traditional lesion approach and its application to the evaluation of brain dysfunction through group and single case experiments. Descriptions of additional techniques, including reversible lesion methods (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, WADA technique), human laterality paradigms (dichotic listening, tachistoscopic visual presentation, dual task framework), electrophysiological approaches (ERP, autonomic psychophysiology), and functional neuroimaging (PET, SPECT, fMRI, MEG) are then undertaken. Each section considers the rationale for the technique, outlines its strengths and weaknesses, and provides some examples of how it has been used in addressing today's problems in neuropsychology. Opportunities and promises of cross-platform approaches to neuropsychological research are highlighted.

Keywords:

  • electrophysiology;
  • laterality functional neuroimaging;
  • lesion methods;
  • neuropsychology;
  • research methods;
  • review