Part Three. Sociocultural, Instructional, and Relational Processes
Published Online: 15 APR 2003
Copyright © 2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Handbook of Psychology
How to Cite
Wentzel, K. R. 2003. School Adjustment. Handbook of Psychology. Three:11:235–258.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2003
Wentzel reviews research demonstrating that socially adjusted individuals are able to set and achieve personally valued goals sanctioned by the larger community. School adjustment is defined by social motivation in the form of social goal pursuit, behavioral competence, and positive interpersonal relationships. Initially, Wentzel identifies critical factors related to social and school adjustment. Children's adjustment to school is discussed with in relation to social competencies that facilitate school-related achievement. Research on socialization processes that promote healthy adjustment at school is reviewed. The implications for future work on school adjustment and areas for continued research are identified in the final section.
- interpersonal relations;
- school adjustment;
- social competence