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Resonance Methods, Introduction

Resonance Methods

  1. Joseph P. Hornak

Published Online: 12 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/0471266965.com064.pub2

Characterization of Materials

Characterization of Materials

How to Cite

Hornak, J. P. 2012. Resonance Methods, Introduction. Characterization of Materials. 1–2.

Author Information

  1. Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 OCT 2012


Welcome to the chapter on resonance methods in the Characterization of Materials. There are several taxonomies which can be used to classify analytical techniques used to characterize materials. They may be grouped according to the probing electromagnetic energy (gamma-ray, ultraviolet, visible, infrared, microwave, or radio frequency photons), energy level (nuclear, electronic, spin, vibrational, etc), the interaction (absorption, scattering, emission, etc) or the detection scheme (photoelectric, resonance, heat, etc), to name a few. In this chapter a simple taxonomy was adopted, the word resonance in the technique name.

By this taxonomy, resonance methods in materials science cover a broad range of techniques. These methods include nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), solid-state (SS) NMR, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), ferromagnetic resonance (FMR), Mössbauer, and cyclotron resonance (CR) spectroscopies; andmagnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This chapter showshowthese extremely useful andunique techniques can help solve problems in materials science. The concept of a probe, located centrally within a material, is common to all these resonance techniques.


  • nuclear magnetic resonance;
  • NMR;
  • nuclear quadrupole resonance;
  • electron paramagnetic resonance;
  • cyclotron resonance;
  • Mössbauer spectroscopy