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Magnetic Neutron Scattering

Neutron Techniques

  1. Jeffrey W. Lynn

Published Online: 18 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/0471266965.com101.pub2

Characterization of Materials

Characterization of Materials

How to Cite

Lynn, J. W. 2012. Magnetic Neutron Scattering. Characterization of Materials. 1–14.

Author Information

  1. National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST Center for Neutron Research, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAY 2012


Neutron scattering is a powerful tool to investigate the magnetic structures and spin dynamics of materials. In this tutorial we provide examples of the application of magnetic neutron diffraction using polycrystalline materials, single crystals, thin films, and artificially grown multilayers, to determine the spatial arrangement and directions of the atomic magnetic moments, the atomic magnetization density of magnetic ions, and the ordered moments as a function of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, pressure, and applied magnetic field. We also present examples of the technique of inelastic scattering to determine the spin dynamics of systems. Both polarized and unpolarized neutron techniques are discussed.


  • magnetic neutron diffraction;
  • magnetic inelastic scattering;
  • magnetic structure determination;
  • polarized neutrons;
  • spin excitations