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X-Ray Computed Tomography

X-Ray Techniques

  1. Stuart R. Stock

Published Online: 12 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/0471266965.com131

Characterization of Materials

Characterization of Materials

How to Cite

Stock, S. R. 2012. X-Ray Computed Tomography. Characterization of Materials. 1–18.

Author Information

  1. Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Biological Chemistry, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 OCT 2012


X-ray computed tomography (CT) is a powerful technique for noninvasively characterizing materials. This chapter covers x-ray computed tomography (CT) in its forms spanning large components (booster rockets) to millimeter-sized material specimens to micrometer-sized samples. Emphasis is on contrast produced by differences in x-ray attenuation, although CT using x-ray phase contrast, x-ray fluorescence, or x-ray diffraction is also covered briefly.


  • x-ray computed tomography (CT);
  • x-ray phase contrast;
  • x-ray fluorescence