Structure of Thermodynamics

  1. Robert A. Alberty

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0471332607.ch2

Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions

Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions

How to Cite

Alberty, R. A. (2003) Structure of Thermodynamics, in Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471332607.ch2

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 13 FEB 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471228516

Online ISBN: 9780471332602



  • first law of thermodynamics;
  • second law of thermodynamics;
  • state of a system;
  • internal energy;
  • Maxwell equations;
  • Gibbs-Duhem equation;
  • Legendre transforms;
  • thermodynamic potentials;
  • work;
  • thermodynamic properties;
  • monatomic ideal gas;
  • phase rule;
  • single phase systems;
  • entropy


This chapter includes the following topics:

  • State of a System

  • Fundamental Equation for the Internal Energy

  • Maxwell Equations

  • Gibbs-Duhem Equation and the Phase Rule

  • Legendre Transforms for the Definition of Additional Thermodynamic Potentials

  • Thermodynamic Potentials for a Single-Phase System with One Species

  • Other Kinds of Work

  • Calculation of Thermodynamic Properties of a Monatomic Ideal Gas from Derivatives of a Thermodynamic Potential