2. Principles of Extraction and the Extraction of Semivolatile Organics from Liquids

  1. Somenath Mitra
  1. Martha J. M. Wells

Published Online: 29 OCT 2003

DOI: 10.1002/0471457817.ch2

Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 162

Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 162

How to Cite

Wells, M. J. M. (2003) Principles of Extraction and the Extraction of Semivolatile Organics from Liquids, in Sample Preparation Techniques in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 162 (ed S. Mitra), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471457817.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Department of Chemistry and Environmental Science, New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ 07102, USA

Author Information

  1. Center for the Management, Utilization and Protection of Water Resources and Department of Chemistry, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN 38505, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 OCT 2003
  2. Published Print: 19 SEP 2003

Book Series:

  1. Chemical Analysis

Book Series Editors:

  1. J. D. Winefordner

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471328452

Online ISBN: 9780471457817

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Keywords:

  • extraction principles;
  • vapor pressure;
  • solubility;
  • molecular weight;
  • hydrophobicity;
  • acid dissociation;
  • liquid–liquid extraction;
  • solid-phase extraction;
  • solid-phase microextraction;
  • stir bar sorptive extraction;
  • semivolatile organics;
  • sorption

Summary

Underlying chemical properties that govern extraction procedures such as vapor pressure, solubility, molecular weight, hydrophobicity, and acid dissociation are described. Techniques for the extraction of semivolatile organics from liquids are discussed. These include liquid–liquid extraction (LLE), solid-phase extraction (SPE), solid-phase microextraction (SPME), and stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE). Method fundamentals for these procedures are categorized according to equilibrium/non-equilibrium and exhaustive/non-exhaustive extractions. Methodology, procedures, and recent advances in techniques are presented.