8. Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Conglomerates

  1. Mark M. Green2,
  2. R. J. M. Nolte3 and
  3. E. W. Meijer4
  1. David M. Walba

Published Online: 14 MAY 2004

DOI: 10.1002/0471471895.ch8

Materials-Chirality, Volume 24

Materials-Chirality, Volume 24

How to Cite

Walba, D. M. (2003) Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Conglomerates, in Materials-Chirality, Volume 24 (eds M. M. Green, R. J. M. Nolte and E. W. Meijer), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471471895.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, New York, USA

  2. 3

    Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Department of Organic Chemistry, NSRIM, University of Nijmegen, Toernooiveld 1, 6525 ED, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

  3. 4

    Laboratory of Macromolecular and Organic Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Author Information

  1. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0215

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 MAY 2004
  2. Published Print: 25 SEP 2003

Book Series:

  1. Topics in Stereochemistry

Book Series Editors:

  1. Scott E. Denmark and
  2. Jay Siegel

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471054979

Online ISBN: 9780471471899



  • liquid crystals and supermolecular stereochemistry;
  • What is a molecule? What is a liquid crystal?;
  • INAC phase sequence;
  • SmC* phase and ferroelectric liquid crystals;
  • SMCA phase and antiferroelectric liquid crystals;
  • reflection symmetry breaking in organic materials;
  • crystal conglomerates;
  • spontaneous reflection symmetry breaking in liquid crystals;
  • chiral liquid crystal from achiral molecules: banana phases;
  • bilayer smectics and first achiral antiferroelectric LC;
  • bent-core mesogens;
  • matsunaga diesters;
  • banana mania;
  • B4 phase;
  • B2 phase: spontaneous reflection symmetry breaking in fluid smectic;
  • SmCP phases;
  • SmCsPA and SmCAPA antiferroelectric phases;
  • stereogenic elements in SmCP phases: SmCP supermolecular diastereomers;
  • ferroelectric banana by design;
  • ferroelectric “macroscopic racemate” from unichiral mesogen


Basically, this contribution will summarize three key prior results in the FLC field: 1) antiferroelectrics composed of enantiomerically enriched molecules; 2) the Soto-Bustamante–Blinov antiferroelectric smectic bilayer composed of achiral molecules; and 3) the antiferroelectric phases composed of achiral bent-core molecules (bow-phases, or banana phases), which provide the first example of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking in a liquid. The directed design, based upon these prior results, of a chiral ferroelectric banana (phase) composed of racemic molecules is then described. The latter provides an example of spontaneous polar symmetry breaking in a smectic liquid crystal.