4. Transport Properties of Materials

  1. Brian S. Mitchell

Published Online: 21 JAN 2004

DOI: 10.1002/0471473359.ch4

An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science: For Chemical and Materials Engineers

An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science: For Chemical and Materials Engineers

How to Cite

Mitchell, B. S. (2003) Transport Properties of Materials, in An Introduction to Materials Engineering and Science: For Chemical and Materials Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471473359.ch4

Author Information

  1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tulane University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 JAN 2004
  2. Published Print: 21 NOV 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471436232

Online ISBN: 9780471473350

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Keywords:

  • transport properties;
  • momentum transport;
  • viscosity;
  • Newtonian viscosity;
  • non-Newtonian viscosity;
  • slurry;
  • suspension;
  • heat transport;
  • conduction;
  • convection;
  • radiation;
  • thermal conductivity;
  • heat capacity;
  • mass transport;
  • diffusivity;
  • diffusion coefficient;
  • permeability;
  • partition coefficient;
  • biological membrane

Summary

The analogy between momentum, heat and mass transfer is used with particular emphasis on transport properties of liquid and solid materials. Theoretical and empirical relationships are used to measure, correlate with process parameters, and predict transport properties, including:

  • thermal conductivities, heat capacities, and specific heats of materials

  • viscosities of molten materials

  • binary-component diffusivity or self diffusion coefficients

  • diffusivity of a gas in a porous solid

  • Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids

  • permeabilities for substances given diffusivity and solubility data

  • partition coefficients across membranes