Standard Article


Agricultural Water

  1. Douglas F. Welsh

Published Online: 15 APR 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.aw434

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Welsh, D. F. 2005. Xeriscape. Water Encyclopedia. 3:750–752.

Author Information

  1. Texas A&M University, Collage Station, Texas

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2005


Much attention and controversy have surrounded the xeriscape concept of landscaping since its inception in 1981. The proper definition of xeriscape is “quality landscaping that conserves water and protects the environment.” Above all things, it must be a quality design that balances the lawn area, shrub and flower plantings, and the hardscape (i.e., decks, patios and sidewalks). Landscapes composed of rocks or plastic flowers alone are not xeriscapes. Xeriscapes are in tune with the environment; therefore, xeriscape applies to the desert in southwestern United States as well as the semitropical southeast.