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Saline Seep

Ground Water Hydrology

  1. John E. Moore

Published Online: 15 APR 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.gw1011

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Moore, J. E. 2005. Saline Seep. Water Encyclopedia. 5:453–454.

Author Information

  1. USGS (Refired), Denver, Colorado

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2005

Abstract

Jackson defines saline seep as an intermittent or continuous saline water discharge at or near the soil surface under dryland conditions that reduces or eliminates crop growth. Human induced salinization of land and water resources due to water table rise is as old as the history of human settlement and irrigation. Early settlements in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates flourished about 4000 b.c.: however, the irrigated farming of wheat resulted in salt accumulation, and in time the area was abandoned. Historic evidence from Russia, China, India, Pakistan, South American, United States, Canada, and Australia show that saline seeps are a worldwide problem. The number of saline seeps will probably increase in the future because an increase in world population will be accompanied by increases in irrigation.

Keywords:

  • saline seep;
  • salinization