Ground Water Hydrology
Published Online: 15 APR 2005
Copyright © 2005 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
How to Cite
Moore, J. E. 2005. Saline Seep. Water Encyclopedia. 5:453–454.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2005
Jackson defines saline seep as an intermittent or continuous saline water discharge at or near the soil surface under dryland conditions that reduces or eliminates crop growth. Human induced salinization of land and water resources due to water table rise is as old as the history of human settlement and irrigation. Early settlements in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates flourished about 4000 b.c.: however, the irrigated farming of wheat resulted in salt accumulation, and in time the area was abandoned. Historic evidence from Russia, China, India, Pakistan, South American, United States, Canada, and Australia show that saline seeps are a worldwide problem. The number of saline seeps will probably increase in the future because an increase in world population will be accompanied by increases in irrigation.
- saline seep;