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Laminar Flow

Ground Water Hydrology

  1. Navraj S. Hanspal1,
  2. Raj Sharma2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.gw606

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Hanspal, N. S. and Sharma, R. 2005. Laminar Flow. Water Encyclopedia. 5:649–655.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom

  2. 2

    University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


The prime objective of this text is to describe the elementary concepts involved in laminar fluid flows. In general, any flow is characterized by the continuous deformation of fluid particles and a corresponding internal state of stress. It has been experimentally established that, under laminar situations, the rate of deformation is directly proportional to local viscous stress. Laminar flows thus fall under the category of viscous flows. The principle laws that govern the motion of fluids are also discussed.


  • viscosity;
  • reynolds number;
  • Navier–Stokes;
  • Hagen–Poiseuille;
  • creeping flow