Chlorine and Chlorine Residuals
Municipal Water Supply
Published Online: 15 JUL 2005
Copyright © 2005 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
How to Cite
Rajagopal, S., Van Der Velde, G., Venugopalan, V. P. and Jenner, H. A. 2005. Chlorine and Chlorine Residuals. Water Encyclopedia. 1:127–131.
- Published Online: 15 JUL 2005
Chlorine is a very commonly used biocide, widely employed for drinking water disinfection and cooling water treatment in industries. Being a strong oxidant, it involves itself in several reactions with a number of oxidizable substances present in water. Consequently, chemistry of chlorination in water is very complex and involves many reaction products. This chapter gives a brief account of the various reactions, their products (compounds as well as ionic species), and mentions about the analytical methods used for their measurement.
- chlorine residual;
- chlorine demand;
- total residual oxidant