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Mariotte Bottle—Use in Hydrology

Physics and Chemistry of Water

  1. Joseph Holden

Published Online: 15 APR 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.pc380

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Holden, J. 2005. Mariotte Bottle—Use in Hydrology. Water Encyclopedia. 4:503–504.

Author Information

  1. University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2005


A Mariotte bottle is a device that allows constant flow of a fluid from a container, even when the fluid level in the container changes. It is named after Edme Mariotte (1620–1684), a French physicist, who, independently from Boyle, discovered the law that states that the volume of a gas varies inversely with its pressure. Mariotte bottles have a wide range of applications in engineering and science (such as fuel supply) and are used in a variety of hydrologic applications ranging from river discharge gauging to infiltration measurement.


  • constant head;
  • infiltrometers;
  • infiltration;
  • hydrological instruments;
  • constant water supply;
  • discharge;
  • discharge gauging