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Antimony in Aquatic Systems

Physics and Chemistry of Water

  1. Montserrat Filella

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.pc46

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Filella, M. 2005. Antimony in Aquatic Systems. Water Encyclopedia. 4:589–593.

Author Information

  1. University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


Antimony is a naturally occurring element. It belongs to group 15 of the periodic table of the elements. Antimony can exist in a variety of oxidation states (−III, 0, III, V) but it is mainly found in two oxidation states (III and V) in environmental, biological, and geochemical samples. Although antimony was already known to the ancients, it is still often overlooked, both as an element of environmental concern and as a subject for study, probably because of its lower abundance and the relative insolubility of most of its compounds. This is reflected in the poor standard of existing data on the behavior of antimony in natural waters. However, interest in the study of this element seems to be growing and an increasing number of papers on the subject are being published. A useful series of comprehensive reviews on antimony in the environment has recently been published (1, 2).


  • antimony;
  • chalcophile element;
  • sulfosalts;
  • pigment to;
  • flame-retardants;
  • borderline metal