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Beryllium in Water

Physics and Chemistry of Water

  1. Jay Clausen

Published Online: 15 APR 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.pc51

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Clausen, J. 2005. Beryllium in Water. Water Encyclopedia. 4:394–399.

Author Information

  1. AMEC Earth and Environmental, Inc., Westford, Massachusetts

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2005

Abstract

Numerous analytical methods are available for analyzing beryllium: inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), colorimetric, and fluorimetric methods (10, 11). A detailed listing of the colorimetric methods can be found in Taylor et al. (12). The preferred method for soil and water analysis in the environmental business is ICP-MS following United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) methods 200.7 and 6010. The ICP-MS instrumentation has greater sensitivity and reduced interference from other metals, compared to other analytical methods. A typical reporting limit of beryllium in environmental investigations using the ICP-MS method is 5 ppb; typical method of detection limits for soil and water are 0.1 µg/kg and 0.7 µg/L, respectively. AAS is also an USEPA approved process following method 7090 or 7091. Due to beryllium's low concentration and subsequent interference with other metals in environmental samples, a number of separation and preconcentration methods have been developed using chelating agents, ion-exchange resins, sorbants, and surfactants.

Keywords:

  • beryl;
  • beryllium;
  • berylliosis;
  • concentration;
  • metal