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Urban Flooding

Surface Water Hydrology

  1. Ole Mark

Published Online: 15 APR 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.sw1073

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Mark, O. 2005. Urban Flooding. Water Encyclopedia. 3:159–163.

Author Information

  1. Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani, Thailand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2005


Flooding in urban areas is an inevitable problem in many cities, and it causes huge costs to the society in structural and nonstructural damage. The problems that arize from urban flooding range from minor ones such as water getting into the basement of a few houses, to major incidents, where large parts of cities are inundated for several days. Most modern cities in the industrialized part of the world usually experience smaller scale local problems due mainly to insufficient capacity in their sewer systems during heavy rainstorms. Cities in other regions, including those in South/Southeast Asia, often have more severe problems because of much heavier local rainfall and lower drainage standards. This situation is continuously getting worse because many cities in the developing countries are growing rapidly these days but do not have the necessary funds to extend and rehabilitate their existing drainage systems.


  • damage;
  • GIS;
  • mathematical modeling;
  • rainfall-induced flooding;
  • urban drainage;
  • urban flooding