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Kinematic Wave Method For Storm Drainage Design

Surface Water Hydrology

  1. Tommy S.W. Wong

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.sw483

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Wong, T. S. 2005. Kinematic Wave Method For Storm Drainage Design. Water Encyclopedia. 3:242–246.

Author Information

  1. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


Ever since Lighthill and Whitham showed that the main body of a natural flood wave moves as a kinematic wave, there has been continual interest in applying the kinematic wave theory to drainage design. A drainage design method based on the kinematic wave theory has several inherent advantages: physically based parameters, facility for hydrograph prediction, and feasibility of obtaining analytical solutions for certain idealized basin and channel conditions. In this article, based on the theory, a drainage design method is developed for estimating the design discharge for a series of overland planes and for a V-shaped basin.


  • channel shape;
  • drainage design;
  • kinematic wave theory;
  • open channel flow;
  • overland flow;
  • overland plane;
  • time of concentration;
  • time of travel;
  • v-shaped basin