Standard Article

Urban Water Resource and Management in Asia: Ho Chi Minh City

Water Resource Development and Management

  1. Hiep N. Duc

Published Online: 15 APR 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047147844X.wr153

Water Encyclopedia

Water Encyclopedia

How to Cite

Duc, H. N. 2005. Urban Water Resource and Management in Asia: Ho Chi Minh City. Water Encyclopedia. 2:552–554.

Author Information

  1. Environment Protection Authority, NSW, Bankstown, New South Wales, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2005


The Ho Chi Minh City Service of Communication and Public Works (SCPW) admitted in September 1998 that the city's decades-old water supply system cannot meet the growing demand. According to the SCPW, the water consumption is estimated at 800,000 m3 per day, but the combined daily capacity of its two water plants at Thu Duc and Hoc Mon and underground wells stops short at 750,000 m3. But just only 500,000 m3 is available to users each day after water loss in delivery is taken into account (the proportion of water loss is as high as 32% in some areas). However, in 2000, the daily demand jumped to 1,250,000 m3/day but the Water Supply Company can provide only 850,000 m3/day.


  • Asia;
  • Vietnam;
  • Ho Chi Minh City;
  • water management;
  • water resources;
  • water supply;
  • water pollution