Assessment of Ecological Effects in Water-Limited Environments
Water Resource Development and Management
Published Online: 15 APR 2005
Copyright © 2005 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
How to Cite
Ryti, R. T. and Markweise, J. T. 2005. Assessment of Ecological Effects in Water-Limited Environments. Water Encyclopedia. 2:516–518.
- Published Online: 15 APR 2005
We consider that water-limited environments include arid lands that have less than 250 millimeters (10 inches) of annual precipitation and semiarid lands that have annual precipitation between 250 and 500 millimeters. This paper discusses the characteristics of arid and semiarid environments, approaches for evaluating the potential ecological impacts from anthropogenic contaminant sources, and the issues that make such assessments complex in arid and semiarid environments.
- assessment end points;
- ecological risk;