Four. Cyanide Compounds

  1. John R. Shapley
  1. Leone Spiccia1,
  2. Keith S. Murray1,
  3. Jacqui F. Young1,
  4. Guillaume Rogez2,
  5. Arnaud Marvilliers2,
  6. Talal Mallah2,
  7. Valérie Marvaud3,
  8. Michel Verdaguer3,
  9. Ariane Scuiller3,
  10. Matthew P. Shores4,
  11. Polly A. Berseth4,
  12. Jeffrey R. Long4,
  13. Federica Bonadio5,
  14. Joulia Larionova6,
  15. Mathias Gross5,
  16. Margret Biner5,
  17. Helen Stoeckli-Evans7,
  18. Silvio Decurtins5,
  19. Melanie Pilkington5,
  20. Ralf Appelt8,
  21. Heinrich Vahrenkamp8,
  22. Stephen M. Contakes9,
  23. Kevin K. Klausmeyer9,
  24. Thomas B. Rauchfuss9,
  25. Donald J. Darensbourg10,
  26. Way-Zen Lee10,
  27. M. Jason Adams10,
  28. Hiroki Oshio11,
  29. Tasuku Ito12 and
  30. Maochun Hong13

Published Online: 21 APR 2004

DOI: 10.1002/0471653683.ch4

Inorganic Syntheses, Volume 34

Inorganic Syntheses, Volume 34

How to Cite

Spiccia, L., Murray, K. S., Young, J. F., Rogez, G., Marvilliers, A., Mallah, T., Marvaud, V., Verdaguer, M., Scuiller, A., Shores, M. P., Berseth, P. A., Long, J. R., Bonadio, F., Larionova, J., Gross, M., Biner, M., Stoeckli-Evans, H., Decurtins, S., Pilkington, M., Appelt, R., Vahrenkamp, H., Contakes, S. M., Klausmeyer, K. K., Rauchfuss, T. B., Darensbourg, D. J., Lee, W.-Z., Adams, M. J., Oshio, H., Ito, T. and Hong, M. (2004) Cyanide Compounds, in Inorganic Syntheses, Volume 34 (ed J. R. Shapley), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471653683.ch4

Editor Information

  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Chemistry, Monash University, PO Box 23, Victoria 3800, Australia

  2. 2

    Laboratoire de Chimie Inorganique, CNRS 8613, Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay, France

  3. 3

    Laboratoire de Chimie Inorganique et Matériaux Moléculaires, CNRS 7071, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 75 252 Paris Cedex 05, France

  4. 4

    Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA

  5. 5

    Departement für Chemie und Biochemie, Universität Bern, Bern CH-3012, Switzerland

  6. 6

    Université de Montpellier II, CNRS 5636, 34095 Montpellier, France

  7. 7

    Institut de Chimie, Université de Neuchâtel, 2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland

  8. 8

    Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie der Universität Freiburg, Albertstr. 21, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany

  9. 9

    School of Chemical Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA

  10. 10

    Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA

  11. 11

    Department of Chemistry, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8571, Japan

  12. 12

    Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan

  13. 13

    Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350002, China

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 APR 2004
  2. Published Print: 19 SEP 2004

Book Series:

  1. Inorganic Syntheses

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471647508

Online ISBN: 9780471653684



  • cyanometalate;
  • magnetic interactions;
  • boxes;
  • squares;
  • C-13 enriched;
  • iron-sulfur;
  • triazacyclononane;
  • octacyano;
  • cyanide-bridged;
  • heptanuclear


Chapter 4, “Cyanide Compounds,” illustrates an explosively developing research theme in which the cyanide ligand is used as a linking agent for the designed assembly of polynuclear metal complexes. Syntheses of several basic building blocks, such as K3[Cr(CN)6],Cr(Me3tacn)(CN)3,K4[Mo(CN)8],Na[W(CO)5CN],K[CpFe(CO)(CN)2],[NEt4][Cp*Rh(CN)3],[Fe4(bpy)8(μ-CN)4][PF6]4,. are given here. These units may be used in several ways to construct polynuclear compounds. One approach involves a hexacyanometalate core decorated with peripheral metal centers, e.g., [{Cu(tpa)(CN)}6Fe][ClO4]8. or [Cr{CNNi(tetren)}6][ClO4]9. An octacyanometalate unit can lead to higher nuclearity condensed compounds, as in [Co{Co(MeOH)3}8(μ-CN)30{Mo(CN)3}6]. Alternatively, a cluster core may be substituted with cyano complexes as ligands, as in [PPh4]2[Fe4S4{NCW(CO)5}4]. If there are two cis cyano ligands on the building block, then quadrilateral or square structures often result, as in {CpFe(CO(μ-CN)2Cu(PCy3)}2 and [Fe2Cu2(bpy)6(μ-CN)4][PF6]4 However, if there are three adjacent cyano ligands, then cubic cages may be constructed as in [(CpCo)4(Cp*Rh)4(μ-CN)12][PF6]4.