7. Creativity: The Influence of Structure, Size, and Formal Systems

  1. Alice M. Sapienza

Published Online: 5 OCT 2004

DOI: 10.1002/047166359X.ch7

Managing Scientists: Leadership Strategies in Scientific Research, Second Edition

Managing Scientists: Leadership Strategies in Scientific Research, Second Edition

How to Cite

Sapienza, A. M. (2004) Creativity: The Influence of Structure, Size, and Formal Systems, in Managing Scientists: Leadership Strategies in Scientific Research, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/047166359X.ch7

Author Information

  1. School for Health Studies, Simmons College, Boston, Massachusetts USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 OCT 2004
  2. Published Print: 14 MAY 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471226147

Online ISBN: 9780471663591

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Keywords:

  • creativity;
  • design of work;
  • optimum group size;
  • recruitment;
  • performance appraisal and reward;
  • decision-making and approval systems;
  • tacit knowledge

Summary

A major objective of the effective leader is to support scientists' creative efforts in the laboratory. This chapter describes what creativity “looks like” (e.g., some attributes of creative scientists) and some of the factors that can affect creativity. General rules about optimum group size and design of work are identified, as well as the impact on creativity of formal systems in the organization: recruitment, performance and reward, decision-making and approval, and information systems. The important role of tacit knowledge in scientific work and techniques for recognizing and capturing this resource conclude the discussion.