Chapter 4. Quantum-Confined Materials

  1. Paras N. Prasad

Published Online: 26 AUG 2004

DOI: 10.1002/0471670251.ch4



How to Cite

Prasad, P. N. (2004) Quantum-Confined Materials, in Nanophotonics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471670251.ch4

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 AUG 2004
  2. Published Print: 17 MAR 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471649885

Online ISBN: 9780471670254



  • quantum-confined materials;
  • inorganic semiconductors;
  • quantum confinement;
  • dielectric confinement effect;
  • superlattices;
  • organic quantum-confined structures


Chapter 4 covers quantum-confined materials whose optical properties are size-dependent. Described here are semiconductor quantum wells, quantum wires, quantum dots, and their organic analogues. A succinct description of manifestations of quantum confinement effects presented in this chapter should be of significant value to those (e.g., some chemists and life scientists) encountering this topic for the first time. The applications of these materials in semiconductor lasers, described here, exemplify the technological significance of this class of materials.