19. Surface Sampling Methods

  1. Henry J. McDermott

Published Online: 11 OCT 2004

DOI: 10.1002/0471670588.ch19

Air Monitoring for Toxic Exposures, Second Edition

Air Monitoring for Toxic Exposures, Second Edition

How to Cite

McDermott, H. J. (2004) Surface Sampling Methods, in Air Monitoring for Toxic Exposures, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471670588.ch19

Author Information

  1. H. J. McDermott, Inc., Moraga, California, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 OCT 2004
  2. Published Print: 3 SEP 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471454359

Online ISBN: 9780471670582



  • dermal penetration;
  • absorbed dose;
  • wipe sample;
  • patch test;
  • fluorescence test;
  • skin notation


This chapter covers surface sampling as a supplement to air monitoring for toxic exposures. There are several reasons why surface contamination, especially easily removable contamination, is sampled: many toxic materials can enter the body through ingestion, and some can penetrate intact skin; loose particulate matter on surfaces can be resuspended into the air due to air movement or agitation; and, surface contamination can serve as an indicator of the adequacy of contamination control programs. Once the presence of surface contamination or the potential for ingestion or dermal hazards is determined, dermal monitoring, biological monitoring or air sampling may be required to further define the extent of the hazard and the adequacy of controls.