20. Bulk Sampling Methods

  1. Henry J. McDermott

Published Online: 11 OCT 2004

DOI: 10.1002/0471670588.ch20

Air Monitoring for Toxic Exposures, Second Edition

Air Monitoring for Toxic Exposures, Second Edition

How to Cite

McDermott, H. J. (2004) Bulk Sampling Methods, in Air Monitoring for Toxic Exposures, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471670588.ch20

Author Information

  1. H. J. McDermott, Inc., Moraga, California, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 11 OCT 2004
  2. Published Print: 3 SEP 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471454359

Online ISBN: 9780471670582



  • bulk samples;
  • EPA methods;
  • composite sampling;
  • bulk solid samples;
  • bulk liquid samples;
  • bulk air samples;
  • tap water samples


This chapter covers bulk sampling as a supplement to air monitoring for toxic exposures. Bulk samples of air, solids and liquids are collected to determine the composition of these materials, and especially identify the presence of any hazardous chemicals. Bulk materials include raw materials, wastes and even potable water for the presence of toxic lead. Grab air samples are considered as bulk samples when they are used to identify composition rather than to define exposures. Information from bulk samples is critical in designing air sampling programs and evaluating/controlling potential hazards to employees and members of the public.