Standard Article

Corn Oil

  1. Robert A. Moreau

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/047167849X.bio007

Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products

Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products

How to Cite

Moreau, R. A. 2005. Corn Oil. Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products. 2:4.

Author Information

  1. United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

Abstract

Corn oil is a popular vegetable oil in the United States and in many other countries. Because of its pleasant nutty flavor, its good stability, and its popularity for making margarines, corn oil has long been considered a premium vegetable oil. Among all of the vegetable oils, corn oil ranks tenth in terms of annual production, and it represents about 2% of the vegetable oil produced worldwide. The chemical composition of corn oil is distinguished by its high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (an average value of 60–75% linoleic acid), and among the commodity vegetable oils corn oil has the highest levels of unsaponifiables (>2%), the highest levels of phytosterols (>1%), and the highest levels of γ-tocopherol (about 0.10%).

Keywords:

  • corn;
  • maize;
  • vegetable oil;
  • polyunsaturates;
  • zea mays;
  • germ;
  • phytosterol;
  • tocopherol