Chapter 17. Aerosols and Foam

  1. Michael H. Gerardi and
  2. Mel C. Zimmerman

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0471710431.ch17

Wastewater Pathogens

Wastewater Pathogens

How to Cite

Gerardi, M. H. and Zimmerman, M. C. (2004) Aerosols and Foam, in Wastewater Pathogens, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471710431.ch17

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 22 OCT 2004

Book Series:

  1. Wastewater Microbiology Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Michael H. Gerardi

Series Editor Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471206927

Online ISBN: 9780471710431



  • aerosoles;
  • foam;
  • wastewater treatment processes;
  • bacteria;
  • activated sludge processes


Wastewater treatment plants are a source of airborne pathogens. Dust and especially aerosoles or bioaerosoles carry pathogens and molecules such as allergens and toxins. Allergenic reactions from exposure to allergens and toxins are possible. Examples of viable bacteria that have been recovered from aerosoles are numerous.