Chapter 25. Immunizations

  1. Michael H. Gerardi and
  2. Mel C. Zimmerman

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0471710431.ch25

Wastewater Pathogens

Wastewater Pathogens

How to Cite

Gerardi, M. H. and Zimmerman, M. C. (2004) Immunizations, in Wastewater Pathogens, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471710431.ch25

Author Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 22 OCT 2004

Book Series:

  1. Wastewater Microbiology Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Michael H. Gerardi

Series Editor Information

  1. The Pennsylvania State University, USA

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471206927

Online ISBN: 9780471710431

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Keywords:

  • immunizations;
  • genetic immunity;
  • naturally acquired immunity;
  • artificially acquired immunity

Summary

Immunity refers to the ability of an individual to recognize and defend itself against pathogens. Specific immunity refers to the ability of an individual to defend itself through physiological responses to specific pathogens. The physiological responses are produced through the immune system, which consists of a variety of cells, for example, lymphocytes, and organs, especially the thymus gland.