An Introduction to Survey Costs

  1. Robert M. Groves

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0471725277.ch2

Survey Errors and Survey Costs

Survey Errors and Survey Costs

How to Cite

Groves, R. M. (1989) An Introduction to Survey Costs, in Survey Errors and Survey Costs, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471725277.ch2

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 13 JUL 1989

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471611714

Online ISBN: 9780471725275



  • survey costs;
  • cost-error modelling;
  • cost models;
  • empirical distribution;
  • design decisions


This chapter includes the following topics:

  • Rationale for a Joint Concern about Costs and Errors

  • Use of Cost and Error Models in Sample Design

  • Criticisms of Cost-Error Modeling to Guide Survey Decisions

  • Nonlinear Cost Models Often Apply to Practical Survey Administration

  • Survey Cost Models are Inherently Discontinuous

  • Cost Models Often Have Stochastic Features

  • Domains of Applicability of Cost Models Must be Specified

  • Simulation Studies Might Best be Suited to Design Decisions

  • Is Time Money?

  • Summary: Cost Models and Survey Errors