1. Hans Christian Öttinger

Published Online: 27 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0471727903.ch1

Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics

How to Cite

Öttinger, H. C. (2005) Introduction, in Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471727903.ch1

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 2 MAR 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471666585

Online ISBN: 9780471727903



  • nonequilibrium thermodynamics;
  • beyond-equilibrium thermodynamics;
  • reversible and irreversible dynamics;
  • Hamiltonian dynamics;
  • entropy;
  • fluctuations


The emphasis of the introduction is on a complete summary of the unified GENERIC framework of nonlinear nonequilibrium, or beyond-equilibrium, thermodynamics. While the fundamental equations are strikingly simple and natural, in another sense, they are also quite challenging: One needs to get used to the compact and abstract notation in the context of various examples, and one needs to develop a feeling for the generality and implications of the proposed framework. Before the unified framework is described, the field of beyond-equilibrium thermodynamics is positioned in several ways so that one knows what one can and what one cannot expect from a thermodynamic framework.