1. Aging, Disability and Independence: Trends and Perspectives

  1. William C. Mann PhD Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy Director, Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology and Aging
  1. William C. Mann PhD Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy Director, Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology and Aging

Published Online: 27 JUN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0471743941.ch1

Smart Technology for Aging, Disability, and Independence: The State of the Science

Smart Technology for Aging, Disability, and Independence: The State of the Science

How to Cite

Mann, W. C. (2005) Aging, Disability and Independence: Trends and Perspectives, in Smart Technology for Aging, Disability, and Independence: The State of the Science (ed W. C. Mann), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471743941.ch1

Editor Information

  1. University of Florida, PO Box 100164, Gainesville, FL 32610-0164, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Florida, PO Box 100164, Gainesville, FL 32610-0164, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JUN 2005
  2. Published Print: 24 JUN 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471696940

Online ISBN: 9780471743941

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • aging;
  • technology;
  • disability;
  • independence;
  • consumer perspective

Summary

We begin this chapter with definitions of the key terms: technology, aging, disability, and independence. This is followed by a compelling argument for the need to promote independence for people as they age. We discuss population trends that clearly demonstrate the increasing numbers of people who are considered old, and their independence related needs. We follow this with a model for viewing disability and independence, and discuss each of the types of impairments that can be addressed with compensatory strategies such as assistive technology and environmental interventions. We also discuss personal assistance, and its relationship to assistive technology. In developing technology and modifying the environment, those who know best about what is most appropriate are the intended users: the “consumers.” We conclude this chapter with a major section on “consumer perspective.”