8. Transportation and Community Mobility

  1. William C. Mann PhD Professor and Chair, Department of Occupational Therapy Director, Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center on Technology and Aging
  1. Michael Justiss MOT, OTR/L

Published Online: 27 JUN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0471743941.ch8

Smart Technology for Aging, Disability, and Independence: The State of the Science

Smart Technology for Aging, Disability, and Independence: The State of the Science

How to Cite

Justiss, M. (2005) Transportation and Community Mobility, in Smart Technology for Aging, Disability, and Independence: The State of the Science (ed W. C. Mann), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471743941.ch8

Editor Information

  1. University of Florida, PO Box 100164, Gainesville, FL 32610-0164, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Florida, Ph.D. Program in Rehabilitation Science, PO Box 100164, Gainesville, FL 32610-0164, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JUN 2005
  2. Published Print: 24 JUN 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471696940

Online ISBN: 9780471743941

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Keywords:

  • elder mobility;
  • transportation options;
  • aging;
  • Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS);
  • infrastructure;
  • assistive technology;
  • community design;
  • accessibility

Summary

Approximately 20% of older Americans do not drive. Lack of personal transportation and transportation alternatives to the automobile can lead to decreased social interaction among older adults. Travel behaviors change with age and after age 60, adults make fewer trips as drivers and trips become shorter. Transportation options for older adults may include passengers in a personal vehicle, public transportation, paratransit, private transit, special transit, low speed vehicles or personal mobility devices and walking. There may be many barriers to personal mobility. Age-related declines in physical, cognitive, and sensorimotor function can contribute to decreases in mobility. Technology has been applied to public transportation and community design with the development of Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) and elder-friendly construction to enhance elder mobility by providing better information before and during a journey and by providing a safer travel environment. Existing transportation systems are often inadequate in providing satisfactory travel support for the rapidly growing older adult population. Alternative models to support elder mobility need to be explored.