16. JPEG: Still Image Compression Standard

  1. Tinku Acharya and
  2. Ajoy K. Ray

Published Online: 20 SEP 2005

DOI: 10.1002/0471745790.ch16

Image Processing: Principles and Applications

Image Processing: Principles and Applications

How to Cite

Acharya, T. and Ray, A. K. (2005) JPEG: Still Image Compression Standard, in Image Processing: Principles and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471745790.ch16

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 SEP 2005
  2. Published Print: 19 AUG 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780471719984

Online ISBN: 9780471745792



  • JPEG;
  • joint photographic experts group;
  • lossless compression;
  • lossy compression;
  • baseline JPEG


JPEG is the first international image compression standard for continuous-tone still images – both gray scale and color images. JPEG is the acronym for “Joint Photographic Experts Group”. This image compression standard is a result of collaborative efforts by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). In this chapter, we have described the four modes of algorithms of the JPEG standard. We have discussed the lossless mode and the DCT-based “baseline” JPEG algorithm in great detail in this chapter. We have presented results of baseline algorithm of the JPEG standard for image compression.