To help clarify the genetics of schizophrenia, the Department of Veterans Affairs Cooperative Studies Program has completed data collection for a genetic linkage study of schizophrenia. This article describes the methodological details of the data collection. Subsequent articles will describe the results of our genome scan, which is now in progress. The data collection protocol included the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies, the Family Interview for Genetic Studies, a review of medical records, and the collection of blood for transformation into lymphoblast cell lines. Among relatives of schizophrenic probands, we assessed auditory attention and verbal memory with neuropsychological tests. Among the 166 families ascertained for the study, 143 had a single affected sib-pair, 17 had three affected siblings, one had five affected siblings and five had two sets of affected siblings. There was a total of 216 affected sib-pairs in these families. Using the n−1 rule, these families contain 188 independent affected sib-pairs. Am. J. Med. Genet. (Neuropsychiatr. Genet.) 96:342–347, 2000. © 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.