SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Acampora D, D'Esposito M, Faiella A, Pannese M, Migliaccio E, Morelli F, Stornaiuolo A, et al. 1989. The human HOX gene family. Nucleic Acids Res 17: 103810402.
  • American Psychiatric Association. 1994. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Vol IV. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
  • Appukuttan B, Gillanders E, Juo S, Freas-Lutz D, Ott S, Sood R, Van Auken A, et al. 1999. Localization of a gene for Duane retraction syndrome to chromosome 2q31. Am J Hum Genet 65: 1631649.
  • Aronson M, Hagberg B, Gillberg C. 1997. Attention deficits and autism spectrum problems in children exposed to alcohol during gestation: a follow-up study. Dev Med Child Neurol 39: 58587.
  • Ashley-Koch A, Wolpert CM, Menold MM, Zaeem L, Basu S, Donnelly SL, Ravan SA, et al. 1999. Genetic studies of autistic disorder and chromosome 7. Genomics 61: 22236.
  • Bailey A, Le Couteur A, Gottesman I, Bolton P, Simonoff E, Yuzda E, Rutter M. 1995. Autism as a strongly genetic disorder: evidence from a British twin study. Psychol Med 25: 678.
  • Bayer SA, Altman J, Russo RJ, Zhang X. 1993. Timetables of neurogenesis in the human brain based on experimentally determined patterns in the rat. Neurotoxicology 14: 8144.
  • Binkerd PE, Rowland JM, Nau H, Hendrickx AG. 1988. Evaluation of valproic acid (VPA) developmental toxicity and pharmacokinetics in Sprague-Dawley rats. Fundam Appl Toxicol 11: 48493.
  • Bryson SE, Clark BS, Smith IM. 1988. First report of a Canadian epidemiological study of autistic syndromes. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 29: 43451.
  • Bryson SE, Smith IM. 1998. Epidemiology of autism: prevalence, associated characteristics, and implications for research and service delivery. MRDD Res Rev 4: 9103.
  • Carpenter EM, Goddard JM, Chisaka O, Manley NR. 1993. Loss of Hox-A1 (Hox-1.6) function results in the reorganization of the murine hindbrain. Development 118: 1061075.
  • Chiang C, Litingtung Y, Lee E, Young KE, Corden JL, Westphal H, Beachy PA. 1996. Cyclopia and defective axial patterning in mice lacking Sonic hedgehog gene function. Nature 383: 40413.
  • Christianson AL, Chesler N, Kromberg JGR. 1994. Fetal valproate syndrome: clinical and neurodevelopmental features in two sibling pairs. Dev Med Child Neurol 36: 35369.
  • Chudley AE, Gutierrez E, Jocelyn LJ, Chodirker BN. 1998. Outcomes of genetic evaluation in children with pervasive developmental disorder. Dev Behav Pediatr 19: 32325.
  • Collaborative Linkage Study of Autism. 1999. An autosomal genomic screen for autism. Am J Med Genet 88: 60615.
  • Cook EH Jr, Lindgren V, Leventhal BL, Courchesne R, Lincoln A, Shulman C, Lord C, et al. 1997. Autism or atypical autism in maternally but not paternally derived proximal 15q duplication. Am J Hum Genet 60: 92934.
  • Cook EH Jr, Courchesne RY, Cox NJ, Lord C, Gonen D, Guter SJ, Lincoln A, et al. 1998. Linkage-disequilibrium mapping of autistic disorder, with 15q1–13 markers. Am J Hum Genet 62: 1071083.
  • Creswell C, Skuse D. 1999. Autism in association with Turner syndrome: genetic implications for male vulnerability to pervasive developmental disorders. Neurocase 5: 10108.
  • d'Avignon M, Barr B. 1964. Ear abnormalities and cranial nerve palsies in thalidomide children. Arch Otolaryngol 80: 13140.
  • Fisher SE, Vargha-Khadem F, Watkins KE, Monaco AP, Pembrey ME. 1998. Localisation of a gene implicated in a severe speech and language disorder. Nat Genet 18: 16170.
  • Folstein SE, Rutter ML. 1977. Infantile autism: a genetic study of 21 twin pairs. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 18: 29321.
  • Gavalas A, Studer M, Lumsden A, Rijli FM, Krumlauf R, Chambon P. 1998. Hoxa1 and Hoxb1 synergize in patterning the hindbrain, cranial nerves and second pharyngeal arch. Development 125: 1121136.
  • Gillberg C. 1989. Asperger syndrome in 23 Swedish children. Dev Med Child Neurol 31: 52531.
  • Goddard JM, Rossel M, Manley NR, Capecchi MR. 1996. Mice with targeted disruption of Hoxb-1 fail to form the motor nucleus of the VIIth nerve. Development 122: 3213228.
  • Harris SR, MacKay LL, Osborn JA. 1995. Autistic behaviors in offspring of mothers abusing alcohol and other drugs: a series of case reports. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 19: 66665.
  • Holroyd S, Reiss AL, Bryan RN. 1991. Autistic features in Joubert's syndrome: a genetic disorder with agenesis of the cerebellar vermis. Biol Psychiatry 29: 28294.
  • Hong YS, Kim SY, Bhattacharya A, Pratt DR, Hong WK, Tainsky MA. 1995. Structure and function of the HOX A1 human homeobox gene cDNA. Gene 159: 20214.
  • International Molecular Genetic Study of Autism Consortium. 1998. A full genome screen for autism with evidence for linkage to a region on chromosome 7q. Hum Mol Genet 7: 57578.
  • Joubert M, Eisenring JJ, Robb JP, Andermann F. 1969. Familial agenesis of the cerebellar vermis. Neurology 19: 81825.
  • Klin A. 1993. Auditory brainstem responses in autism: brainstem dysfunction or peripheral hearing loss? J Autism Dev Disord 23: 135.
  • Landa R, Folstein SE, Isaacs C. 1991. Spontaneous narrative-discourse performance of parents of autistic individuals. J Speech Lang Hear Res 34: 1331345.
  • Landa R, Piven J, Wzorek MM, Gayle JO, Chase GA, Folstein SE. 1992. Social language use in parents of autistic individuals. Psychol Med 22: 24254.
  • Lord C, Rutter M, Goode S, Heemsbergen J, Jordan H, Mawhood L, Schopler E. 1989. Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule: a standardized observation of communicative and social behavior. J Autism Dev Disord 19: 18212.
  • Lord C, Rutter M, Le Couteur A. 1994. Autism Diagnostic Interview—Revised: a revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. J Autism Dev Disord 24: 65685.
  • Lumsden A, Keynes R. 1989. Segmental patterns of neuronal development in the chick hindbrain. Nature 337: 42428.
  • MacLean JE, Szatmari P, Jones MB, Bryson SE, Mahoney WJ, Bartolucci G, Tuff L. 1999. Familial factors influence level of functioning in pervasive developmental disorder. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 38: 74753.
  • Marin F, Puelles L. 1995. Morphological fate of rhombomeres in Quail/chick chimeras: a segmental analysis of hindbrain nuclei. Eur J Neurosci 7: 1711738.
  • Mark M, Lufkin T, Vonesch J-L, Ruberte E, Olivo J-L, Dolle P, Gorry P, et al. 1993. Two rhombomeres are altered in Hoxa-1 mutant mice. Development 119: 3138.
  • Means AL, Gudas LJ. 1995. The roles of retinoids in vertebrate development. Annu Rev Biochem 64: 20233.
  • Miller MT. 1991. Thalidomide embryopathy: a model for the study of congenital incomitant horizontal strabismus. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 89: 62674.
  • Miller MT, Strömland K, Gillberg C, Johansson M, Nilsson EW. 1998. The puzzle of autism: an ophthalmologic contribution. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 96: 36387.
  • Mortlock DP, Innis JW. 1997. Mutation of HoxA13 in hand-foot-genital syndrome. Nature Genet 15: 17180.
  • Muragaki Y, Mundlos S, Upton J, Olsen BR. 1996. Altered growth and branching patterns in synpolydactyly caused by mutations of HoxD13. Science 272: 54550.
  • Murphy P, Hill RE. 1991. Expression of the mouse labial-like homeobox-containing genes, Hox 2.9 and Hox 1.6, during segmentation of the hindbrain. Development 111: 674.
  • Nanson JL. 1992. Autism in fetal alcohol syndrome: a report of six cases. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 16: 55565.
  • Ozonoff S, Williams BJ, Gale S, Miller JN. 1999. Autism and autistic behavior in Joubert syndrome. J Child Neurol 14: 63641.
  • Philippe A, Martinez M, Guilloud-Bataille M, Gillberg C, Rastam M, Sponheim E, Coleman M, et al. 1999. Genome-wide scan for autism susceptibility genes. Hum Mol Genet 8: 80812.
  • Risch N, Spiker D, Lotspeich L, Nouri N, Hinds D, Hallmeyer J, Kalaydjieva L, et al. 1999. A genome screen of autism: evidence for a multilocus etiology. Am J Hum Genet 65: 49507.
  • Rodier PM, Ingram JL, Tisdale B, Nelson S, Romano J. 1996. Embryological origin for autism: developmental anomalies of the cranial nerve motor nuclei. J Comp Neurol 370: 24261.
  • Rodier PM, Bryson SE, Welch JP. 1997. Minor physical anomalies and physical measurements in autism: data from Nova Scotia. Teratology 59: 319325.
  • Roessler E, Belloni E, Gaudenz K, Jay P, Berta P, Sherer SW, Tsui L-C, Muenke M. 1996. Mutations in the human Sonic Hedgehog gene cause holoprosencephaly. Nature Genet 14: 35360.
  • Rosenhall U, Johansson E, Gillberg C. 1988. Oculomotor findings in autistic children. J Laryngol Otol 102: 43439.
  • Ruddle FH, Bartels JL, Bentley KL, Kappen C, Murtha MT, Pendleton JW. 1994. Evolution of Hox genes. Annu Rev Genet 28: 42442.
  • Sambrook J, Fritsch EF, Maniatis T. 1989. Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual.. Cold Spring Harbor, NY: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.
  • Scharré JE, Creedon MP. 1992. Assessment of visual function in autistic children. Optom Vis Sci 69: 43439.
  • Schopler E, Reichler RJ, DeVellis RF, Daly K. 1980. Toward objective classification of childhood autism: Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS). J Autism Dev Disord 10: 9103.
  • Searle AG, Peters J, Lyon MF, Hall JG, Evans EP, Edwards JH, Buckle VJ. 1998. Chromosome maps of man and mouse. IV. Ann Hum Genet 53: 8140.
  • Simeone A, Acampora D, Arcioni L, Andrews PW, Boncinelli E, Mavilio F. 1990. Sequential activation of HOX2 homeobox genes by retinoic acid in human embryonal carcinoma stem cells. Nature 346: 76766.
  • Skuse DH. 2000. Imprinting, the X-chromosome, and the male brain: explaining sex differences in the liability to autism. Pediatr Res 47:–16.
  • Skuse DH, James RS, Bishop DVM, Coppins B, Dalton P, Aamodt-Leeper G, Barcarese-Hamilton M, Creswell C, McGurk R, Jacobs PA. 1997. Evidence from Turner's syndrome of an imprinted X-linked locus affecting cognitive function. Nature 387: 70708.
  • Smalley SL, Asarnow RF, Spence A. 1988. Autism and genetics: a decade of research. Arch Gen Psychiatry 45: 95961.
  • Snustad DP, Simmons MJ. 2000. Population and evolutionary genetics. In: Principles of genetics. 2nd Ed. New York: Wiley-Liss.
  • Steg JP, Rapoport JL. 1975. Minor physical anomalies in normal, neurotic, learning disabled, and severely disturbed children. J Autism Child Schiz 5: 29307.
  • Strachan T, Read AP. 1999. Human gene expression. In: Human molecular genetics. 2nd Ed. New York: Wiley-Liss.
  • Strömland K, Nordin V, Miller M, Akerstrom B, Gillberg C. 1994. Autism in thalidomide embryopathy: a population study. Dev Med Child Neurol 36: 35356.
  • Studer M, Lumsden A, Ariza-McNaughton L, Bradley A, Krumlauf R. 1996. Altered segmental identity and abnormal migration of motor neurons in mice lacking Hoxb-1. Nature 384: 63634.
  • Szatmari P, Jones MB, Fisman S, Tuff L, Bartolucci G, Mahoney WJ, Bryson SE. 1995. Parents and collateral relatives of children with pervasive developmental disorders: a family history study. Am J Med Genet 60: 28289.
  • Tantam D, Evered C, Hersov L. 1990. Asperger's syndrome and ligamentous laxity. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 29: 89896.
  • Volkmar FR, Klin A, Pauls D. 1998. Nosological and genetic aspects of Asperger syndrome. J Autism Dev Disord 28: 45463.
  • Walker HA. 1977. Incidence of minor physical anomaly in autism. J Autism Child Schiz 7: 16176.
  • Williams PG, Hersh JH. 1997. A male with fetal valproate syndrome and autism. Dev Med Child Neurol 39: 63634.