Professor and Chairman, Department of Radiotherapy, Howard University College of Medicine.
Alarming increase of the cancer mortality in the u.s. black population (1950–1967)
Article first published online: 27 JUN 2006
Copyright © 1973 American Cancer Society
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 763–768, April 1973
How to Cite
Henschke, U. K., Leffall, L. D., Mason, C. H., Reinhold, A. W., Schneider, R. L. and White, J. E. (1973), Alarming increase of the cancer mortality in the u.s. black population (1950–1967). Cancer, 31: 763–768. doi: 10.1002/1097-0142(197304)31:4<763::AID-CNCR2820310401>3.0.CO;2-S
- Issue published online: 27 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 27 JUN 2006
- Manuscript Received: 19 SEP 1972
- Metropolitan Washington Regional Medical. Grant Number: RPG-1533
The U.S. cancer mortality per 100,000 for both sexes rose, from 1950 to 1967, for blacks from 147 to 177, an increase of 20%, while it remained unchanged for whites at 150. The female cancer mortality rate declined for blacks from 146 to 142, a decrease of only 3%, while it declined for whites from 139 to 126, a decrease of 9%. The male cancer mortality rate rose for blacks from 147 to 220, an increase of 50%, while it increased for whites from 158 to 181, an increase of only 16%. In 1950, the cancer mortality rate for both sexes was 2% lower for blacks than for whites, but, by 1967, it had become 18% higher. Of the 58 most frequent U.S. sex-specified cancer types, 29 increased slower in whites, 9 decreased faster in whites, 14 showed no significant differences, and only 4 (malignant melanoma and reticulum cell sarcoma in both sexes) increased faster in whites. Environmental factors are the most likely causes for this alarming rise of cancer in U.S. blacks.