One hundred patients with intraductal breast carcinoma (DCIS) were treated with either mastectomy (49 patients) or radiation therapy (51 patients). All patients underwent axillary lymph node dissection (average number of nodes removed, 16) as part of their treatment. No patient had any positive axillary lymph nodes. There has been one recurrence in each treatment group (median follow-up, 27 months) and no deaths. Intraductal breast carcinoma has little potential for metastasis to axillary lymph nodes.