• 1
    Dupont JB Jr, Lee JR, Burton GR, Cohn I Jr. Adenocarcinoma of the stomach: review of 1497 cases. Cancer 1978; 41: 9417.
  • 2
    Blot WJ, Devesa SS, Kneller RW, Fraumeni JF Jr. Rising incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. JAMA 1991; 265: 12879.
  • 3
    Boring CC, Squires TS, Tong T. Cancer statistics. Ca 1990; 40: 1936.
  • 4
    Gunderson LL, Sos H. Adenocarcinoma of the stomach: areas of failure in a re-operation series (second or symptomatic look) clinicopathologic correlation and implications for adjuvant therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 1982; 8: 111.
  • 5
    McNeer G, Vanderberg H, Donn F, Bowden L. A critical evaluation of subtotal gastrectomy for the cure of cancer of the stomach. Ann Surg 1951; 134: 17.
  • 6
    Fein R, Kelsen DP, Geller N, Bains M, McCormack P, Brennan MF. Adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastroesophageal junction: prognostic factors and results of therapy. Cancer 1985; 56: 25128.
  • 7
    Laboisse CL, Augeron C, Couturier-Turpin MH, Gespach C, Cheret AM, Potet F. Characterization of a newly established human gastric cancer cell line HGT-1 bearing histamine H2-receptors. Cancer Res 1982; 42: 15418.
  • 8
    Park JG, Frucht H, LaRocca RV, Bliss DP Jr., Kurita Y, Chen TR, et al. Characteristics of cell lines established from human gastric carcinoma. Cancer Res 1990; 50: 277380.
  • 9
    Sekiguchi M, Sakakibara K, Fujii G. Establishment of cultured cell lines derived from a human gastric carcinoma. Jpn J Exp Med 1978; 48: 618.
  • 10
    Albini A, Iwamoto Y, Kleinman HK, Martin GR, Aaronson SA, Kozlowski JM, et al. A rapid in vitro assay for quantitating the invasive potential of tumor cells. Cancer Res 1987; 47: 323945.
  • 11
    Schwartz GK, Redwood SM, Ohnuma T, Holland JF, Droller MJ, Liu BCS. Inhibition of invasion of invasive human bladder carcinoma cells by protein kinase C inhibitor staurosporine. J Natl Cancer Inst 1990; 82: 17536.
  • 12
    Chomczynski P, Sacchi N. Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction. Analyt Biochem 1987; 162: 1569.
  • 13
    Sambrook J, Fritsch EF, Maniatis T. Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual. Cold Spring Harbor: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1989.
  • 14
    Saiki RK, Scharf S, Faloona F, Mullis KB, Horn GT, Erlich HA, et al. Enzymatic amplification of beta-globin genomic sequences and restriction site analysis for diagnosis of sickle cell anemia. Science 1985; 230: 13504.
  • 15
    Albino AP, Nanus DM, Mentle IR, Cordon-Cardo C, McNutt S, Bressler J, et al. Analysis of ras oncogenes in malignant melanoma and precursor lesions: correlation of point mutations with differentiation phenotype. Oncogene 1989; 4: 136374.
  • 16
    Ng SY, Gunning P, Eddy R, Ponte P, Leavitt J, Shows T, et al. Evolution of the functional human beta-actin gene and its multipsuedogene family: conservation of noncoding regions and chromosomal dispersion of pseudogenes. Mol Cell Biol 1985; 5: 272032.
  • 17
    Derynck R, Jarrett JA, Chen EY, Eaton DH, Bell JR, Assoian RK, et al. Human transforming growth factor-beta complementary DNA sequence and expression in normal and transformed cells. Nature 1985; 316: 7015.
  • 18
    Madisen L, Webb NR, Rose TM, Marquardt H, Ikeda T, Twardzik D, et al. Transforming growth factor-beta 2: cDNA cloning and sequence analysis. DNA 1988; 7: 18.
  • 19
    Derynck R, Lindquist PB, Lee A, Wen D, Tamm J, Graycar JL, et al. A new type of transforming growth factor-beta, TGF-beta 3. EMBO J 1988; 7: 373743.
  • 20
    Rappolee DA, Mark D, Banda MJ, Werb Z. Wound macrophages express TGF-alpha and other growth factors in vivo: analysis by mRNA phenotyping. Science 1988; 241: 70812.
  • 21
    Derynck R, Jarrett JA, Chen EY, Goeddel DV. The murine transforming growth factor-beta precursor. J Biol Chem 1986; 261: 43779.
  • 22
    Jaye M, Howk R, Burgess W, Ricca GA, Chiu IM, Ravera MW, et al. Human endothelial cell growth factor: cloning, nucleotide sequence, and chromosome localization. Science 1986; 233: 5415.
  • 23
    Abraham JA, Whang JL, Tumolo A, Mergia A, Friedman J, Gospodarowicz D, et al. Human basic fibroblast growth factor: nucleotide sequence and genomic organization. EMBO J 1986; 5: 25238.
  • 24
    Zhan X, Bates B, Hu XG, Goldfarb M. The human FGF-5 oncogene encodes a novel protein related to fibroblast growth factors. Mol Cell Biol 1988; 8: 348795.
  • 25
    Finch PW, Rubin JS, Miki T, Ron D, Aaronson SA. Human KGF is FGF-related with properties of a paracrine effector of epithelial cell growth. Science 1989; 245: 7525.
  • 26
    Delli Bovi P, Curatola AM, Kern FG, Greco A, Ittmann M, Basilico C. An oncogene isolated by transfection of Kaposi's sarcoma DNA encodes a growth factor that is a member of the FGF family. Cell 1987; 50: 72937.
  • 27
    Betsholtz C, Johnsson A, Heldin CH, Westermork B, Lind P, Urdea MS, et al. cDNA sequence and chromosomal localization of human platelet-derived growth factor A-chain and its expression in tumour cell lines. Nature 1986; 320: 6959.
  • 28
    Rao CD, Igarashi H, Pech MW, Robbins KC, Aaronson SA. Oncogenic potential of the human platelet-derived growth factor transcriptional unit. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol 1986; 51: 95966.
  • 29
    Park JG, Oie HK, Sugarbaker PH, Henslee JG, Chen TR, Johnson BE, et al. Characteristics of cell lines established from human colorectal carcinoma. Cancer Res 1987; 47: 67108.
  • 30
    Willson JK, Bittner GN, Oberley TD, Meisner LF, Weese JL. Cell culture of human colon adenomas and carcinomas. Cancer Res 1987; 47: 270413.
  • 31
    Meyers WC, Damiano RJ Jr, Rotolo FS, Postlethwait RW. Adenocarcinoma of the stomach: changing patterns over the last 4 decades. Ann Surg 1987; 205: 18.
  • 32
    Nanus DM, Kelsen DP, Niedzwiecki D, Chapman D, Brennan M, Cheng E, et al. Flow cytometry as a predictive indicator in patients with operable gastric cancer. J Clin Oncol 1989; 7: 110512.
  • 33
    Liotta LA. Tumor invasion and metastases: role of the extracellular matrix. Rhoads Memorial Award lecture. Cancer Res 1986; 46: 17.
  • 34
    Furukawa T, Fu X, Kubota T, Watanabe M, Kitajima M, Hoffman RM. Nude mouse metastatic models of human stomach cancer constructed using orthotopic implanation of histologically intact tissue. Cancer Res 1993; 53: 12048.
  • 35
    Weinberg RA. Oncogenes, antioncogenes, and the molecular bases of multistep carcinogenesis. Cancer Res 1989; 49: 371321.
  • 36
    Bishop JM. The molecular genetics of cancer. Science 1987; 235: 30511.
  • 37
    Slamon DJ, deKernion JB, Verma IM, Cline MJ. Expression of cellular oncogenes in human malignancies. Science 1984; 224: 25662.
  • 38
    Rodriguez E, Rao PH, Ladanyi M, Altorki N, Albino AP, Kelsen DP, et al. 11p13-15 is a specific region of chromosomal rearrangement in gastric and esophageal adenocarcinomas. Cancer Res 1990; 50: 64106.
  • 39
    Kalish RJ, Clancy PE, Orringer MB, Appelman HD. Clinical, epidemiologic, and morphologic comparison between adenocarcinomas arising in Barrett's esophageal mucosa and in the gastric cardia. Gastroenterology 1984; 86: 4617.